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Semiparametric and Parametric Estimation and Bootstrapping of Integer-Valued Autoregressive (INAR) Models.

The package provides flexible simulation of INAR data using a general pmf to define the innovations’ distribution. It allows for semiparametric and parametric estimation of INAR models and includes a small sample refinement for the semiparametric setting. Additionally, it provides different procedures to appropriately bootstrap INAR data.


For installation of the development version use devtools:





We simulate two datasets. The first consists of n = 100 observations resulting from an INAR(1) model with coefficient alpha = 0.5 and Poi(1) distributed innovations. The second consists of n = 100 observations from an INAR(2) model with coefficients alpha_1 = 0.3, alpha_2 = 0.2 and a pmf equal to (0.3, 0.3, 0.2, 0.1, 0.1).


dat1 <- spinar_sim(100, 1, alpha = 0.5, pmf = dpois(0:20,1))
dat2 <- spinar_sim(100, 2, alpha = c(0.3, 0.2), pmf = c(0.3, 0.3, 0.2, 0.1, 0.1))

We estimate an INAR(1) model on the first dataset.

spinar_est(dat1, 1)

#parametrically (moment estimation, true Poisson assumption)
spinar_est_param(dat1, 1, "mom", "poi")

We estimate an INAR(2) model on the second dataset.

spinar_est(dat2, 2)

For small samples, it can be beneficial to apply a penalized version of the semiparametric estimation. For illustration, we restrict ourselves to the first 50 observations of the first dataset and apply semiparametric, parametric and penalized semiparametric estimation. We choose a small L2 penalization as this showed to be most beneficial in the simulation study in Faymonville et al. (2022) (see references). Alternatively, one could also use the spinar_penal_val function which validates the two penalization parameters.

dat1_50 <- dat1[1:50]
spinar_est(dat1_50, 1)
spinar_est_param(dat1_50, 1, "mom", "poi")
spinar_penal(dat1, 1, penal1 = 0, penal2 = 0.1)

Finally, we bootstrap INAR(1) data on the first data set. We perform a semiparametric and a parametric INAR bootstrap (moment estimation, true Poisson assumption).

spinar_boot(dat1, 1, 500, setting = "sp")
spinar_boot(dat1, 1, 500, setting = "p", type = "mom", distr = "poi")